Wednesday, January 16, 2008

Presidential Candidates 2008 - Wikipedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Presidential_Candidates

United States presidential candidates, 2008

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The United States presidential election of 2008, to be held on November 4, 2008, will be the 55th consecutive quadrennial election for President and Vice president of the United States. There also will be elections for all 435 members of the U.S. House of Representatives and elections for 34 members of the United States Senate.

This article lists major candidates of the Republican and Democratic parties, as well as notable third party and independent candidates in the upcoming United States Presidential election.


Democrats

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These have filed with the Federal Elections Commission (FEC), and are conducting multi-state campaigns.

Senator Hillary Clinton
(Campaign site)

See also: Political positions of Hillary Rodham Clinton

Hillary Rodham Clinton, born October 26, 1947, in Illinois, U.S. Senator from New York and former First Lady of the United States. Clinton announced the formation of her exploratory committee on 20 January 2007, with a post on her website.[1] She has delivered several speeches which analysts say are intended to reach out to moderates. She has also been holding fundraising meetings, including meeting with women from Massachusetts, a key constituency of potential rival and 2004 nominee John Kerry; however, these activities are consistent with the lead up to a campaign for re-election to her Senate seat in 2006. If elected, Clinton would be the first female president. Clinton announced on January 20, 2007, that she will run in 2008 (the same day she announced the formation of an exploratory committee). She has filed the official paperwork for an exploratory committee.[2] She placed first in the New Hampshire primary on January 8, 2008.


Former Senator John Edwards

(Campaign site)

See also: Political positions of John Edwards

John Edwards, born June 10, 1953 in South Carolina, is a former U.S. Senator from North Carolina. As a 2004 presidential candidate, Edwards was famed for his populist message in his "Two Americas" speech and also for his optimistic, positive attitude. This was evidenced by his refusal to attack his opponents. In the primaries, Sen. Edwards had strong come-from-behind showings in the crucial states of Iowa, Oklahoma, Virginia, Tennessee, Wisconsin, and Georgia. On February 5, 2005, Edwards spoke at the New Hampshire Democratic Party's fundraising dinner. On August 18, 2005, Edwards traveled to Waterloo, Iowa, to deliver an address to the Iowa AFL-CIO, a potential key supporter in the Iowa caucus. On December 26, 2006, Edwards formally announced his candidacy.[3]


Former Senator Mike Gravel

(Campaign site)

See also: Political positions of Mike Gravel

Mike Gravel, born May 13, 1930, in Springfield, Massachusetts. U.S. Senator from Alaska from 1969 to 1981 and an active candidate for Vice President in 1972. He is most known for playing a key role in ending the draft during the Vietnam War through the release of the Pentagon Papers and through staging a one-man filibuster for 5 months. He is also notable for advocating a guaranteed annual income, which he termed a "citizen's wage," of $5,000 per person, regardless of whether the person worked. On April 13, 2006, Gravel announced his candidacy for the Democratic nomination. His policy announcements to date include support for direct democracy, FairTax and withdrawal from Iraq. Mike Gravel filed with the FEC in April according to various news sources.[4][5] The FEC's site has listed his reports since July.[6] MSNBC falsely reported that Gravel had dropped out of the race on January 3, 2008 after a poor performance in the Iowa caucus. His website confirmed that he is still in the race.

  • Alaska State Representative: 1962–1966 (Speaker: 1965–1966)
  • U.S. Senator from Alaska: 1969–1981

Representative Dennis Kucinich

(Campaign site)

See also: Political positions of Dennis Kucinich

Dennis Kucinich, born October 8, 1946, in Cleveland, Ohio. Ohio Congressman, former Mayor of Cleveland, and 2004 Democratic primary candidate. Dennis Kucinich is known by many as "The Peace Candidate", having received the 2003 Gandhi Peace Award. Kucinich opposed the war in Iraq and the Patriot Act. Under Kucinich's plan, United Nations peace-keepers would go to Iraq if the Iraqi citizens desire their presence. The Congressman re-introduced legislation to create a United States Department of Peace via HR 808 on February 5, 2007. He is currently campaigning to end the war in Iraq by cutting off funding, if such measures are necessary. He is in support of peaceful diplomatic relations with Iran, and all nations. Kucinich has received many awards praising his courage and work for peace.[7][8] On December 12, 2006, Kucinich announced his candidacy at an event at Cleveland's City Hall.[9]


Senator Barack Obama

(Campaign site)

See also: Political positions of Barack Obama

Barack Obama, born August 4, 1961, in Honolulu, Hawaii, U.S. Senator from Illinois. A "draft Obama" movement began with his well-received 2004 Democratic National Convention keynote address. Obama was the featured speaker at Iowa Senator Tom Harkin's annual steak fry, a political event favored by presidential hopefuls in the lead-up to the Iowa caucus. He was endorsed by talk show host Oprah Winfrey in 2006.[10] Various recent opinion polls have seen Obama trailing only Hillary Clinton in several polls.[11] If elected, he would become the first African-American President of the United States. Obama announced on February 10, 2007, that he will run in 2008. He has filed the official paperwork.[12] Obama placed first in the January 3, 2008 caucus in Iowa, followed by Edwards and Clinton.

  • Illinois State Senator: 1996–2004
  • U.S. Senator from Illinois: 2005–Present

Republicans

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These have filed with the Federal Elections Commission (FEC), and are conducting multi-state campaigns.

Rudy Giuliani, former mayor of New York City

(Campaign site)

See also: Political positions of Rudy Giuliani
2008 presidential campaign logo
2008 presidential campaign logo

Rudy Giuliani, born May 28, 1944, in New York, former mayor of New York City. Giuliani said on October 2, 2005, that he would look at the possibility of running for President. On November 13, 2006, he announced that he was forming an exploratory committee. He has led several state and nationwide polls for the Republican nomination and the general election, and has been mentioned by many media sources as a possible candidate since the 9/11 attacks and a speech to the 2004 Republican Convention.[13] (See polls below) Giuliani is pro-choice, and supports a type of civil union between same sex couples and agrees for legal and medical reasons that same sex relationships should get the same rights under the law. He also believes in strong restrictions on the right to keep and bear arms and agrees with harsh punishment for illegal weapons or non permitted weapons. While opinions differ, some think that these positions could help him, should he secure the nomination, in the general election; others question whether the Republican base would support a nominee with Giuliani's social positions. On February 5, 2007, Giuliani unofficially entered the race for the 2008 U.S. presidential election by filing a "statement of candidacy" with the Federal Election Commission, but legally keeping him at the same level as he was while running an exploratory committee.[14] On February 15, Giuliani officially announced that he was running on CNN's Larry King Live show.[15] If elected, Giuliani would be the first Italian-American to hold the office of president, the second Roman Catholic, following John Kennedy.


Mike Huckabee, former Governor of Arkansas

(Campaign site)

See also: Political positions of Mike Huckabee

Mike Huckabee, born August 24, 1955, in Hope, Arkansas, served as Governor of Arkansas for over 10 years. Huckabee has announced he will seek the Presidency in the 2008 presidential election.[16] He has made several trips to important primary states, including a four-day trip to New Hampshire in August 2006. His campaign has been focused largely on Iowa for the Ames Straw Poll on August 11, 2007 He announced that he would be running in 2008 on NBC's Meet the Press television show with Tim Russert.[17] and has since made three appearances on Comedy Central's The Colbert Report, The Today Show on NBC and many appearances on CNN, Fox News Channel, and MSNBC regarding the 2008 presidential election. He was declared the victor of the January 3, 2008 Iowa caucus.[18]


Representative Duncan Hunter

(Campaign site)

See also: Political positions of Duncan Hunter

Duncan Hunter, born May 31, 1948, in Riverside, California, U.S. Representative from that state and former Chairman of the House Armed Services Committee. Hunter formally announced his presidential candidacy in Spartanburg, South Carolina, on January 25, 2007. He is known for his strong stance against illegal immigration, and opposition to free trade agreements like North American Free Trade Agreement and the World Trade Organization.[19] He introduced H.R. 552, The Right to Life Act, "to implement equal protection . . . for the right to life of each born and preborn human person"; it has over 100 co-sponsors.


Alan Keyes, former Ambassador to the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations

(Campaign site)

Keyes campaign logo
Keyes campaign logo

Alan Keyes, born August 7, 1950, in New York City, filed a Statement of Candidacy with the Federal Elections Commission on September 14, 2007.[20] He served as Ambassador to the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations under President Ronald Reagan, and served as Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs from 1985 to 1987. He is currently on the ballot in 18 states.[21] He participated in Republican debates on September 17[22] and December 12.[23]


Senator John McCain

(Campaign site)

See also: Political positions of John McCain
John McCain campaign logo
John McCain campaign logo

John McCain, born August 29, 1936, in the U.S.-controlled Panama Canal Zone, Senator from Arizona. Often characterized as a Republican maverick in the Senate, he is well-known. In 2000, he failed in his attempt to deny George W. Bush the Republican nomination: McCain continued his ultimately unsuccessful campaign long after the other Republican candidates had united behind Bush.

McCain's bipartisan compromise on judicial nominations and his strong support of campaign finance reform have drawn the ire of many groups,[24] many of which have vowed to work against any McCain campaigns for the Republican nomination in 2008. However, he has a strong stance on many issues and economically falls more along the lines of traditional "fiscal conservatism." These factors, along with his commitment to the War on Terror (including Iraq) have boosted his popularity amongst conservatives since 2004, when he emphasized these traits while stumping for Republican candidates.

On November 15, 2006, McCain announced that he would form an exploratory committee.

On "The Late Show with David Letterman" on February 28, 2007, Sen. John McCain announced he will seek the GOP presidential nomination, and made a formal announcement on April 25, 2007.


Representative Ron Paul

(Campaign site)

See also: Political positions of Ron Paul
Ron Paul campaign logo
Ron Paul campaign logo

Ron Paul, born August 20, 1935, in Green Tree, Pennsylvania, is a long time U.S. Representative from Texas with a strong constitutionalist and libertarian voting record. Paul has been nicknamed "Dr. No" for his opposition to tax increases and spending bills. He has chastened his fellow Republicans for abandoning the party's commitment to limited government, and for helping to create an unsustainable national debt now in the trillions of dollars.[25] Paul seeks to "reinstate the Constitution and restore the Republic."[26]

On 11 January 2007, Paul filed papers to form an exploratory committee for the 2008 presidential race.[27][28] He formally declared his candidacy 12 March 2007 as a guest on Washington Journal on C-SPAN.[29][30] He is not running as a Libertarian as he did nearly two decades ago. Paul has the distinction of being opposed to the Iraq War and interventionist U.S. foreign policy. He is one of 7 Republican congressmen who voted against Iraq War authorization in October 2002. He has also opposed George W. Bush and the majority of Republican congressmen on many other issues, including the PATRIOT Act.

On 20 February 2007, Paul's exploratory committee posted on YouTube a formal video of him explaining his reason for running.[31] Paul is the top candidate in Republican straw polls, is setting fundraising records, and has unprecedented Internet popularity.


Mitt Romney, former Governor of Massachusetts

(Campaign site)

See also: Political positions of Mitt Romney
2008 presidential campaign logo
2008 presidential campaign logo

Mitt Romney, born March 12, 1947, in Michigan, is former Governor of Massachusetts; he did not seek a second term in November 2006. Romney has made numerous trips to primary states such as South Carolina, Michigan, and New Hampshire, during recent years. Romney is running on his record as co-founder of Bain Capital, the CEO of the 2002 Winter Olympics, and his record as Governor of Massachusetts. Although he ran as a moderate for the office of Governor of Massachusetts and during his failed Senate bid in 1994, he supported more conservative positions as his term progressed. Romney formed a presidential exploratory committee on January 3, 2007, the day he left the governor's office.[32]

On January 9, Romney raised $6.5 million in his first fundraiser, beating both Giuliani and McCain's fundraising efforts ($1 and $2 million respectively).

Romney has already received major endorsements, including that of former Speaker of the House, Dennis Hastert.

Romney officially announced his candidacy on February 13 at the Henry Ford Museum in Dearborn, Michigan.[33][34]


Fred Thompson, former Senator of Tennessee

(Campaign site)

See also: Political positions of Fred Thompson
Thompson and his campaign bus in Iowa, 2007.
Thompson and his campaign bus in Iowa, 2007.

Fred Dalton Thompson, born August 19, 1942, former Senator from Tennessee and actor, best known for playing D.A. Arthur Branch on Law & Order. There was speculation that Thompson would run for Governor of Tennessee in 2006, but he declined to run against the popular Governor Phil Bredesen. On March 11, 2007, Thompson said "I'm giving some thought to it. Going to leave the door open. A lot of people think it's late already. I don't really think it is, although the rules of the game have changed somewhat. ... I think people are somewhat disillusioned. I think a lot of people are cynical out there. I think they're looking for something different." [35] On June 1, Thompson announced he had established a preliminary campaign committee, thus taking his first formal step toward an official presidential bid. [36]On September 5, he officially entered the presidential race.[37]

Third parties and Independents

Third parties

Constitution Party

Declared candidates
Don J. Grundmann

(Campaign site)

Chiropractor, anti-tax activist, and 2004 & 2006 Constitution Party candidate for Senator for California.
Diane Beall Templin Attorney, 11-time candidate from California. Primarily seeking the American Independent Party nomination, but also those of The American Party and the Constitution Party. [38]

Green Party

Declared candidates

Cynthia McKinney

(Campaign site)

Former Congresswoman from Georgia.
Kent Mesplay

(Campaign site)

Biomedical engineer who sought Green presidential nomination in 2004 from California.

Kat Swift

(Campaign site)

State Party Co-Chair, progressive activist and newspaper credit manager from Texas.

Libertarian Party

Declared candidates

Daniel Imperato

(Campaign site)

Businessman from Florida.

Steve Kubby

(Campaign site)

Businessman, marijuana legalization activist, and 1998 gubernatorial candidate from California. Kubby has endorsed Ron Paul for the Republican nomination, but is still running for president.[15]
George Phillies

(Campaign site)

College professor, 2002 candidate for chair of the Libertarian National Committee [39], and 1998 Congressional candidate from Massachusetts.

Wayne Allyn Root

(Campaign site)

Sports handicapper, author, and TV show host from Nevada.

Prohibition Party

Nominee
Gene Amondson

Campaign site

Temperance lecturer, minister, artist, and 2004 Presidential Nominee. Nominated at the Prohibition Party National Convention held in Indianapolis, Indiana, September 14, 2007 [40]

Socialist Party USA

Nominee
Brian Moore

(Campaign site)

Antiwar activist, independent (Green Party endorsed[41]) candidate for U.S. Senate in Florida in 2006.[42][43] Moore received the party's official presidential nomination at its National Convention in St. Louis, Missouri on October 20, 2007. Stewart Alexander of California is his running mate.[42]

Independents

Declared candidates
Frank Moore Frank Moore. Performance artist, writer, painter and musician. (Campaign site)

Jonathon Sharkey. Professional boxer and wrestler, perennial presidential candidate. (Campaign site)

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